6 countries where medical safety is crucial
6 countries where medical safety is crucial
When travelling the world, you’re going to want to immerse yourself in everything each country has to offer. It’s equally as important, however, to stay safe and healthy wherever you are. These six countries are where you’ll need to be vigilant and look out for any potential threats to your medical safety.
When visiting Mexico, you’re going to want to look out for the mosquitoes. The Zika virus is unfortunately easy to catch all throughout the country, and the incubation period of the virus is longer than most. When symptoms do appear, they’ll be in the form of a mild fever, with conjunctivitis and rashes also a possibility. The Zika virus is also transmissible through sex - so it’s essential to stay protected – as well as to an unborn child in pregnancy, so its recommended for expecting mothers to not visit the country so as to avoid the risk of birth defects. Make sure to not do anything that could potentially spread the virus for up to three weeks after you return from Mexico, and if you do get bitten, you’ll be wise to get it checked straight away.
Mexico isn’t the only place where mosquitoes pose a health threat. Alongside malaria, the mosquitoes in India are known to carry dengue fever, a currently untreatable illness that appears with flu-like symptoms. Again, the extended incubation period means that the virus may only make itself known once you’re home, so it’s important to stay vigilant of any bites or contact you may have made with a source. Although symptoms usually disappear within a week, sometimes severe dengue can develop. This could potentially be fatal, and so requires serious medical attention.
The thing to be most vigilant of in Thailand is the people, more specifically the drivers! The country has the second most unsafe roads in the entire world, with approximately 80 lives being lost every day due to motorbike and car accidents. If you decide to hop on a bike when in Thailand, make sure you’re wearing adequate protection – clothes that don’t expose skin and a helmet are both absolutely necessary. And don’t think you’ll be okay riding a motorbike without a license. This is illegal, and to risk riding when you’re not even qualified to do so makes the danger of Thailand’s roads much more real.
If you’re planning to travel through Vietnam, you’re going to want to look out for Japanese Encephalitis. The viral infection is commonly contracted when you’re outdoors, either during recreational activities or when working (rice fields and farms are common areas). It’s usually during the summer months that the illness is at its peak, and if you’re travelling with young children it’s important to be extra careful – they’ll be even more susceptible to it than adults. Symptoms usually appear after a few days in the form of a fever accompanied with vomiting and general weakness, and so it may be worth looking into a vaccination before heading to Vietnam.
Bali seems to be the latest go-to for any budding traveller or tourist. However, there are a few things to be wary of when heading to the idyllic island. Typhoid fever can be contracted in Indonesia, usually through food. Be very careful of what you’re eating – make sure that the correct preparation has been done and that your meals are cooked properly. Typhoid fever usually carries flu-like symptoms, but these symptoms can become a lot worse and even end in fatalities in some cases. It affects around 12.5 million people each year, and as the vaccine isn’t 100% effective, you should always remain vigilant.
Surprisingly, the variety of animals to be found in Australia isn’t where the health threat lies. The intense heat of the country’s summer months (which is actually our winter period) provides the perfect conditions for illnesses such as heatstroke and sunburn. Scorching temperatures of up to 40°C can be experienced during frequent heatwaves, especially in the country’s northern regions, alongside a lack of rainfall. Heatstroke occurs after prolonged exposure to the sun as well as dehydration, with uncomfortable symptoms such as rapid breathing, confusion and sometimes a loss of consciousness. Avoid direct sunlight during the day’s hottest peaks and stay hydrated to avoid any suffering.